When I mentioned the aerospace plane, the first thing that everyone thought of was the X-37B being developed in the United States. However, the X-37B can only rely on launch vehicles for vertical launches, technically just an upgraded version of the traditional space shuttle.
In fact, as early as 30 years ago, China’s Ministry of Aviation Industry had advocated the aerospace plan, when the era was on the 869 plan.
The proposed 869 plan can be said to be keenly forward-looking for future aerospace. The propulsion system proposed at that time was definitely not a chemical fuel rocket engine used in today's X-37B, but used in hypersonic conditions. It can use the high-altitude atmosphere as an oxidant, can use solar energy to generate electricity and store electrical energy, and can also use its own oxidant to produce Combined power unit for thrust.
In the end, China chose the large-scale launch vehicle program of the aerospace industry system, which is technically less difficult, less expensive, and quicker.
Since the beginning of the 21st century, with the progress and development of hypersonic technology, China has proposed the “Tengyun Project” project plan.
In 2016, Aerospace Science and Industry Group disclosed the “Tengyun Project” project. In 2017, at the Global Space Exploration Conference, the Aerospace Science and Industry Group presented its “Tengyun Project” and aerospace aircraft model for the first time. In September 2018, “Tengyun Project” realized the first flight verification of combined engine modal conversion in China.
According to the plan, China will complete key technical research in 2025, and by 2030, design and manufacture the first space plane in China that can take off horizontally, land horizontally and can be reused many times.
Recently, the development of China's air and space aircraft has sent good news. According to the China Aerospace Aerodynamics Research Institute WeChat public on October 21, the First Research Institute of China Aerospace Aerodynamics Research Institute successfully completed the free separation test of the two-stage air-to-air aerospace wind tunnel, and the two-stage parallel aircraft was successfully separated. It provides a technical road exploration for the development of the next two-stage orbiting spacecraft.
The aerospace aircraft has a broad military value. It can be used as a global hypersonic transport, intercontinental bombing and strategic reconnaissance, as a space vehicle or space weapon, and it may become an incomparable attack and defense for general bombers, fighters and missiles. power.